Here are the Diet Detective's five underrated weight-loss strategies.
Learning to say no
Why: Resistance skills are critical. Learning how to say no effectively is one of the most important skills you can use as you work to improve your eating and exercise habits. Say no to the food pushers, the diet saboteurs, the fast-food commercials and all those who try to derail your diet. The fact is, people won't always be as supportive as you'd like them to be.
What you need to know: Have your answer ready for those diet saboteurs. Mentally rehearse a few key phrases like, “Oh, no thanks. I couldn't eat another thing.” Or try the truth: “I'm trying to eat healthfully, and that piece of cake will throw me completely off track.”
Try writing down three typical scenarios you've experienced when you were around family, friends or co-workers and were made to feel uncomfortable saying no to food. Prepare responses to these types of situations so you're ready next time.
Read the label and develop a calorie instinct
Why: I know that the “C” word is so-o-o-o passť. However, calories are a real measure of your food intake. Yes, a calorie is simply a combination of carbohydrates, protein and fat. And yes, there are the “right” proteins (i.e., lean), the “right” carbs (whole grains and veggies) and the “right” fats (e.g., unsaturated, omega-3s). But, the number of calories gives you an instant clue as to whether or not you have the budget to eat what you're about to eat. Calories also help to keep you accountable.
What you need to know: You get a daily calorie budget. Fats are the most “expensive” at nine calories per gram. Carbs and proteins are four calories per gram. As a quickie guide to determining your calorie budget, figure 10 calories per pound for women and 11 calories per pound for men. Then multiply that number by your activity level (sedentary = 1.2, lightly active = 1.35, moderately active = 1.5, very active = 1.65, extremely active = 2.0). Reduce your calorie budget to lose weight. Know the cost of a calorie and shop wisely, because every 40 calories you take in over your calorie budget will require 10 minutes of walking to burn off.
Go low-carb and eat a ton of vegetables
Why: While diet book authors and nutrition experts can't agree on much, what they can agree on is that eating vegetables is a great diet and health strategy. They are nature's ultimate gift — incredibly low in calories and high in nutrients. What more can you ask for?
What you need to know: Just take a look at the following comparison: 100 grams, or 3.57 ounces, of broccoli is only 34 calories, while a 100-gram, or 3.57-ounce, brownie is 405 calories. So, from a calorie perspective, you can eat loads of broccoli and not get fat.
That's the concept of eating in volume; you can eat 10 times more non-starchy vegetables than junk food. Not only that, but you also get all those fabulous antioxidants and other nutrients.
Find friends who support your behavior
Why: A study by researchers at Brown University found that friends who followed a weight-loss program together lost more weight and were more likely to complete their diet program and maintain their weight loss than those who were doing it on their own.
What you need to know: It wouldn't hurt to make a few new friends who are health and fitness conscious. Mind you, I'm not saying replace your old friends — just find a few who don't carry that extra doughnut in their briefcase or purse. You also need to examine whether your spouse, family, partner, friends and colleagues eat poorly and/or are sedentary.
Why: Feeling confident that you can change a behavior is one of the single biggest predictors of being able to change. It's called “self-efficacy” — the belief in your ability to “organize and execute” whatever behavior you would like to modify — and it's especially important if you want to control your weight.
What you need to know: The reality is that any behavior change is hard, and thinking you can't do it even before you start makes it that much harder. So avoid thoughts like, “I can't lose weight — it's in my genes,” “I'll never be able to exercise three times a week,” “I can't eat at a restaurant without pigging out on the bread basket.”
To build confidence, you need to use affirmations. Telling yourself that you can do something is half the battle.
Try to build confidence by educating yourself. For instance, if you want to start eating healthy at home, try taking a few healthy cooking classes. You can even rent or buy healthy cooking DVDs.
Another way to build confidence is to examine other instances when you have been successful at overcoming adversity. The more you've been successful in the past, the more you gain experience of yourself as a winner. Think of a past situation in your life in which you triumphed over difficulties or challenges to achieve something great or something that at one point seemed impossible to you.
Then give yourself some credit and draw the connection: “If I could overcome that, I can certainly lose weight or start an exercise program.”