Johns was the star witness for prosecutors trying to prove Ramnarine tried to sell an unauthorized bronze sculpture of the painting in 2010. Four bronze copies of “Flag” were made in 1960, and the jury was shown a picture of President John F. Kennedy posing with one that was given to him.
The Sharon, Conn., artist said he was considering making a gold sculpture from a wax mold when he chose Ramnarine to create the mold because his work for him in the past had been “excellent as far as I was concerned.”
He said he took the wax copy to his home and put it in the refrigerator so it wouldn't be damaged by heat. Ramnarine, he said, never returned the mold, as was a customary practice by most foundries.
The white-haired Johns seemed clear about his memory of his dealings with Ramnarine, who has pleaded not guilty, and that a “Flag” sculpture with his name on it that was offered as an exhibit in the trial was fake, along with his signature on the back of it.
Johns said that not long after he made a verbal agreement with Ramnarine to create the wax mold with a payment in cash, a relative of Ramnarine came to his studio and showed him an unauthorized bronze sculpture of “Flag.”
Shown the exhibit, he said he recognized the “X” through his “fake signature” that he marked on it when he was shown it in the early 1990s.
He said he recalled having written in ink on the back of it that it was not his work.
Prosecutors showed Johns another bronze copy of “Flag” that he also said was a fake, though the signature appeared to be a photocopy of his real signature.
The artist also testified that documents with his signature at the bottom certifying that a bronze copy of “Flag” was real were also fakes.
Assistant U.S. Attorney Zachary Feingold asked if he ever gave to Ramnarine a copy of a painting that was sold to the Metropolitan Museum of Art for millions of dollars.
“No,” Johns said with a chuckle.
He said he didn't believe he had spoken with Ramnarine since 1990 and wasn't friends with him.
Defense lawyer Troy Smith tried to establish through his cross examination that a former assistant to Johns who has been charged with selling 22 works stolen from Johns' Connecticut studio may have authorized Ramnarine to make bronze copies of “Flag.”
Johns acknowledged that he sent the longtime assistant to Ramnarine's business to try to retrieve the mold.