Jim Litten, president of the residential division at F.C. Tucker, estimated that more than 10 percent, or 2,700, of the 27,000 homes that sold in the area in the past year were bought by institutional and other investors.
"They're buying a ton of homes," Litten told The Indianapolis Star (http://indy.st/18AfITx ).
The buyers aren't home flippers, who flooded the market during the mortgage meltdown in 2006-08. Most intend to rent out the homes they've purchased, many of which were sold at sheriffs' sales.
The more than $400 million the investors have spent in the past year has driven down the housing vacancy rate and shored up prices, which dropped 15 percent between 2003 and 2011 but have risen nearly 2 percent since then.
But it's also made some neighborhoods more of a rental market in Indianapolis, which has seen its homeownership rate drop from a high of 79 percent in 2006 to 67 percent.
Christopher Stark, who bought a Noblesville house with his wife in 2004, said he is worried about how American Homes 4 Rent's plan to convert houses on his curved street to rentals will affect resale values.
Neighbor Dan Ropte said he shares Stark's concern but said the California-based company offered him $5,000 more for his three-bedroom house than an agent wanted to list it for. The $125,000 deal was too good to pass up, he said.
"They pay cash, and you don't have to do an appraisal," he said. "And they didn't want anything fixed."
Some mortgage brokers expressed concern that the purchases could distort the market.